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Key references

Dairy Farmers of Canada. 2005. (Fact sheet) Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA): The "good" trans fat. Available at

Beef Information Centre. June 2004. Anticancer effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). Nutrition Perspective. Available at

Beef Information Centre. 2004. Cancer and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). (Fact Sheet). Available at

Field CJ, Schley P. 2004. Evidence for potential mechanisms for the effect of CLA on tumor metabolism and immune function: Lessons from N-3 fatty acids. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Jun 2004 79(6 Suppl):1190S-1198S.

Kramer KG, Cruz-Hernandez C, Deng Z, Zhou J, Jahreis G, Dugan M. 2004. The chemistry, metabolism, and physiology of conjugated linoleic acid. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Jun 2004; 79: 1137S - 1145S.

McLeod RS, LeBlanc AM, Langille AM, Mitchell PL, Currie DL. 2004. Conjugated linoleic acids, atherosclerosis, and hepatic very-low-density lipoprotein metabolism. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Jun 2004; 79: 1169S - 1174S.

Mir PS, Mir Z, Kuber PS, Gaskins CT, Martin EL, Dodson MV, Elias Calles JA, Johnson KA, Busboom JR, Wood AJ, Pittenger GP, Reeves JJ. 2002. Growth, carcass characteristics, muscle linoleic acid (CLA) content, and response to intravenous glucose challenge in high percentage Wagyu, Wagyu X Limousin, and Limousin steers sunflower oil-containing diets. Journal of Animal Science. 80:2996-3004.

Mir PS, Mir Z, McAllister TA, Morgan Jones SD, He ML, Aalhus, JL, Jeremiah LE, Goonewardene LA, Weselake RJ. 2003. Effect of sunflower oil and vitamin E on beef cattle performance and quality, composition and oxidative stability of beef. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 83:53-66.

Mir Z, Rushfeldt ML, Mir PS, Paterson LJ, Weselake RJ. 2000. Effect of supplementation with either conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) or linoleic acid rich oil on the CLA content of lamb tissues. Small Ruminant Research. 36:25-31.

Terpstra A. 2004. Effect of conjugated linoleic acid on body composition and plasma lipids in humans: an overview of the literature. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Mar 2004; 79: 352 - 361.

Wang Y, Jones P. 2004. Dietary conjugated linoleic acid and body composition American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Jun 2004; 79: 1153S - 1158S.

Watkins BA, Li Y, Lippman HE, Reinwald S, Seifert MF. 2004. A test of Ockham's razor: implications of conjugated linoleic acid in bone biology. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Jun 2004; 79: 1175S - 1185S.

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